The House of Representatives passed the Respect for Marriage Act in a vote of 267 to 157 on Tuesday, July 19, 2022.
The bill could protect same-sex marriage nationwide if passed in the Senate. The legislation, which comes in response to the Supreme Court’s ruling overturning Roe v. Wade last month, would also repeal the Defense of Marriage Act, a 1996 law that defined marriage as a union between a man and a woman.
To be voted into law, the legislation would need to pass in the Senate, where at least 10 Republicans are needed to join with Democrats.
Beyond codifying same-sex marriage throughout the United States, the bill also addresses federal protections for interracial marriages. Additional legal safeguards include protection for married couples against discrimination on the basis of sex, race, ethnicity, or national origin.